I have seen sources claiming that Google Translate uses artificial intelligence, like blog articles published by Google, Wikipedia articles and questions from Artificial Intelligence Stack Exchange tagged google-translate. Still, I needed help understanding if it's or not a Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI) tool. I look for mentions of terms like Large Language Model (LLM) and Generative Pre-Training Transformer (GPT). I only found words comparing Google Translate and GNMT to GPT, but these statements don't clearly state that they belong to the same category, in this case, GenAI tools.
As Google Translate has many delivery end-points, let's focus only on one of their application software, which has a web address https://translate.google.com.
This application software has two big boxes, one for the user to enter the text to be translated and another showing the translated text. Above these boxes are dropdown buttons to choose the source / target languages. There are other user interface elements, but they aren't relevant to this questionquestio
I understand that Google Translate's Web app and (OpenAI) ChatGPT's web app can't be compared regarding user experience and purpose. The input of the first should be the text to be translated. It might be entered using the mouse and keyboard or the device microphone. It also allows images, documents and web pages but doesn't get instructions from the user using natural language.
In contrast, the second gets "messages" as in a chat app conversation. They are referred to as "prompts".
I would like to know if, as of August 6th, 2023, the Google Translate Web app should be considered a GenAI tool.
The answer to this question might be extrapolated to other web applications and, in the best case, to other application software, no matter the target platform.
Question: Can Google Translate, the web application, be classified as a GenAI tool, similar to ChatGPT by OpenAI? Please explain why.
Below are some examples of the literature I have read looking to find the answer to this question.
Google Translate This article describes Google Translate as a neural machine translation service that uses a artificial neural network. It also says that it's capable of deep learning.
This article mentions an artificial neural network to improve the fluency and accuracy of Google Translate.
Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI),
This article has a Modalities section having subsections for text, code, images, music, video, molecules and robot actions. The text subsection mentions natural language processing, machine translation and natural language generation. The one that is related is machine translation. Still, it's not clear to me that the way that Google Translate uses machine translation and how it delivers its output and the user experience could be considered as Generative AI.
Clarification notes derived from comments
I don't know if a broadly accepted criterium exists to classify AI tools, including GenAI, as a category. I don't trust ChatGPT or other GenAI tools to give a reliable and accurate answer.
One of my concerns about Google Translate is if it has the hallucination problem as ChatGPT.
While this question is not about if GenAI tools could do translation tasks, the answer might argue in favor or against classifying it as GenAI tools based on the GenAI tools' abilities. Remember that answers should explain why.
https://ai.google/discover/generativeai/ doesn't mention Google Translate.